They have the full force of law, based on the authority derived from statute or the Constitution itself. The ability to make such orders is also based on express or implied Acts of Congress that delegate to the President some degree of discretionary power.
Since President Trump took office on Jan. 20, he has been signing executive orders like a man possessed or some would say like a drunken sailor spending money.
According to press reports, the President has signed a total of 77 executive actions — including 25 presidential memoranda, 24 presidential proclamations, and 29 executive orders, which are published in the federal register.
Today, executive acts are inclined to be more politically driven rather than through prudence and non-partisanship.
Now, here are 5 of the executive orders Mr. Trump has signed in his first 100 days in office that one could easily question:
1. Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal, Jan. 20, 2017 – The order directs the head of Health and Human Services and other departments to use their authority to “waive, defer, grant exemptions from or delay the implementation of any provision or requirement of the act that would impose a fiscal burden on any state or cost, fee, penalty, or regulatory burden on individuals, families, healthcare providers, health insurers patients, recipients of healthcare services, purchasers of health insurance or makers of medical devices, products and medications.”
2. Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda – This order sets forth that it is the “policy of the United States to alleviate unnecessary regulatory burdens,” designating regulatory reform officers at each agency. Each officer is responsible for overseeing multiple orders that roll back and review regulations. The regulatory reform officers must report to the agency head with updates on their progress.
3. Review of Designations Under the Antiquities Act – Apr. 26, 2017 – This Trump executive order directs the review of federally designated lands to determine if the federal government should relinquish ownership to states. It will consider all national monument designations of federal public lands since 1996 that are 100,000 acres or larger. Mr. Trump singled out former President Barack Obama’s “egregious” use of federal power in using the Antiquities Act to “unilaterally” place swaths of American land and water under federal control, adding, “it’s time we ended this abusive practice.”
4. Enforcing Statutory Prohibitions on Federal Control of Education – With this order, the administration attempts to “restore the proper division of power” under the Constitution between the federal government and the 50 states, making it a priority to preserve local control over education.
5. Core Principles for Regulating the United States Financial System – Directs the Treasury secretary to review the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial oversight law, which reshaped financial regulation after the 2008-09 financial crisis.
Pollyanna Davy, Readers Bureau, Fellow
Edited by Jesus Chan
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