FDA approves new oral therapy to treat ALK-positive lung cancer
Lung cancer claims more lives each year than do colon, prostate, ovarian and breast cancers combined.
Cigarette smoking is known to be a major contributing factor to the development of lung cancer.
The two types of lung cancers which grow and spread differently are the small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC).
According to cancer.net, NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer. It noted that this year an estimated 221,200 adults (115,610 men and 105,590 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with lung cancer.
It is also estimated that 158,040 (86,380 men and 71,660 women) people will die from this disease this year.
In a recent press release, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it has approved Alecensa (alectinib) to treat people with advanced (metastatic) ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer whose disease has worsened after, or who could not tolerate treatment with, another therapy called Xalkori (crizotinib).
“Today’s approval provides a new therapy for a group of patients who would have few treatment options once their disease no longer responds to treatment with Xalkori,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
“In addition to the primary effect on tumors in the lung, Alecensa clinical trials provide evidence of an effect on tumors that had spread to the brain, which is an important effect for clinicians to understand,” he added.
Alecensa is an oral medication that blocks the activity of the ALK protein, which may prevent NSCLC cells from growing and spreading.
Alecensa is marketed by Genentech, based in San Francisco, California.
Yvad Billings, Readers Bureau, Fellow
Edited by Jesus Chan
Do you want to add feedback to this story? Please add comment in box below.
Like our Facebook page https://www.facebook.com/TheReadersBureau
Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/readersbureau21