Is The U.S. In Debt?

US in debtYes, writes Matt Wasserman, a writer on the popular question-and-answer website,

He notes that the government of the United States is in debt to the amount of about $18 trillion.

He argues that the government owes about $5 trillion of that debt technically to itself – intra-governmental debt. This includes money collected for specific purposes such as Social Security and Medicare which goes into the general fund, linked to non-transferrable treasury bonds that are issued in its place. For example, the Social Security trust funds currently have about $2.6 trillion worth of these bonds, but no cash other than what’s been collected in the last 30 days.

He explains further that while the money is technically owed to the government by the government, it’s really owed to the citizens. And while these are not the same bonds being sold in the open market, he thinks it’s a safe bet that defaulting on them would have a significant impact on the U.S. credit worthiness.

The other $13 trillion, he posits, is in the form of treasury bonds, treasury notes, savings bonds, and other forms of government issued debt.

He states that $6 trillion of that amount is held by foreign investors, banks, and creditors and accounts for this by citing U.S. Treasury figures (in billions of dollars) as at August 2014 accordingly:

China, Mainland 1269.7
Japan 1230.1
Belgium 359.9
Carib Banking Centers 313.9
Oil Exporters 267.5
Brazil 261.7
Switzerland 189.1
Taiwan 172.9
United Kingdom 172.8
Hong Kong 160.5
Luxembourg 150.5
Russia 118.1
Ireland 106.8
Singapore 106.3
Norway 87
India 80.4
Mexico 75.2
Turkey 73.4
Germany 69.4
Canada 64.9
France 59
Korea 56.9
Thailand 40.8
Sweden 36.3
Kazakhstan 36.1
Colombia 34.8
Philippines 34.6
Australia 33.9
Netherlands 33.6
Italy 30.8
Poland 29.4
Chile 27
Israel 26.4
Spain 21.8
Denmark 16.2
Vietnam 14.6
Peru 11.4
South Africa 10.3
All Other 182.3
Grand Total 6066.6

Wasserman states further that the remaining amount of approximately $7 trillion is held by people and entities in the U.S. This is broken out accordingly: Federal Reserve holds about $2.5 trillion, mutual funds and pension funds hold about $1.6 trillion, state governments about $800 billion, insurance companies, $270 billion, banks $380 billion, savings bonds about $180 billion, individuals and other entities hold the rest, about $1.1 trillion.

Also he points out that state governments are in debt for another $1.2 trillion. Some percentage of that he opines should be added to the federal debt because the money is borrowed to fund federal programs.

Local governments are in debt for about $1.9 trillion.

Consumer debt is about $11.6 trillion.

Indeed, America is in debt, he concluded.

Davy Desmond Readers Bureau, Fellow

Do you want to add feedback to this story? Please add comment in e-mail box below.

Like our Facebook page

Follow us on Twitter